RUGER – Handgun Collection
Updated Ruger handgun collection 2012
Sturm, Ruger & Company, Incorporated is a Southport, Connecticut-based firearm manufacturing company, better known by the shortened name Ruger. Sturm, Ruger produces bolt-action, semi-automatic, full-automatic, and single-shot rifles, shotguns, semi-automatic pistols, and single- and double-action revolvers. Ruger is the fourth largest firearms manufacturer in the United States.
Sturm, Ruger & Company was founded by William B. Ruger and Alexander McCormick Sturm in 1949 in a small rented machine shop in Southport, Connecticut. Just prior to their partnership, Bill Ruger had successfully duplicated two Baby Nambu pistols in his garage, from a captured Nambu that he acquired from a returning US Marine, at the close of World War II. When it came to designing their first auto pistol, Ruger decided to incorporate the looks of the German 9mm Luger and the American Colt Woodsman into their first commercially produced .22 caliber pistol (see Ruger Standard), which became so successful that it launched the entire company.
Ruger is a dominant player in the .22 rimfire rifle market in the U.S., due primarily to the sales of its Ruger 10/22 semiautomatic rifle. The 10/22 is very popular due to being relatively inexpensive and of good quality as well as the wealth of after-market accessories and parts available for it. In fact, the availability and variety of after-market parts makes it possible to build a 10/22 using only after-market parts, most of which are marketed to target shooters at premium prices.
Ruger similarly dominates the .22 rimfire semi-auto pistol market with the Ruger MK II and Ruger MK III. Like the 10/22, the MkII is extremely well supported with a wide variety of after-market accessories.
A revolver works by having several firing chambers arranged in a circle in a cylindrical block that are brought into alignment with the firing mechanism and barrel one at a time. In contrast, other repeating firearms, such as lever-action, pump-action, and semi-automatic, have a single firing chamber and a mechanism to load and extract cartridges into it.
A single-action revolver requires the hammer to be pulled back by hand before each shot, which also revolves the cylinder. This leaves the trigger with just one “single action” left to perform – releasing the hammer to fire the shot – so the force and distance required to pull the trigger can be minimal. In contrast, with a self-cocking revolver, one long squeeze of the trigger pulls back the hammer and revolves the cylinder then finally fires the shot. They can generally be fired faster than a single-action, but at the cost of reduced accuracy in the hands of most shooters.
Most modern revolvers are “traditional double-action”, which means they are able to operate either in single-action or self-cocking mode. The accepted meaning of “double-action” has, confusingly, come to be the same as “self-cocking”, so modern revolvers that cannot be pre-cocked are called “double-action-only”. These are intended for concealed carry, because the hammer of a traditional design is prone to snagging on clothes when drawn.
Most commonly, such guns have a 5- or 6-shot capacity, hence the common names of “six-gun” or “six-shooter”. However, some revolvers have a 7- to 10-shot capacity, often depending on the caliber. Each chamber has to be reloaded manually, which makes reloading a revolver a much slower procedure than reloading a semi-automatic pistol.
From 1949 through 2004, Ruger manufactured over 20 million firearms, and currently offers models for hunting, target shooting, self-defense, collecting, and law enforcement.